When you want to carry out oil analysis, there are a few things to consider. For instance, you will want to take the costs of the analysis into account, but you should also be aware of trends in oil analysis. There are a few different types of methodologies to use, as well as precautionary measures to be aware of.
Analyzing available HRA methodologies
Human reliability analysis (HRA) has been extensively used in various industries. HRA uses cognitive and behavioral sciences to assess the human error probability. Most of these methods assume that human error is predictable and can be reduced through management strategies. However, there are also other factors that affect the performance of the workers. Therefore, these factors should be incorporated into QRA models.
The petroleum industry is one of the most hazardous industries. The human factor plays a crucial role in the safety of operations. It is also a major cause of accidents. Consequently, a comprehensive evaluation of the human factors is important.
HRA is a systematic way to identify human error, estimate its probability, and propose ways to reduce it. It is a useful technique for improving process safety.
Precautionary measures for oil degradation
Attempts to mitigate an oil spill require a combination of natural and chemical processes. In addition to the usual techniques of adsorption and skimming, nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients are often added to the contaminated site to stimulate the growth of hydrocarbon-degrading microorganisms.
Hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria are a ubiquitous presence in all freshwater and marine habitats. They degrade petroleum in a biological process involving conversion of the organic compounds. These hydrocarbons contain a high concentration of carbon required by the microorganisms.
The ideal biodegradation process would see the breakdown of the crude oil into carbon dioxide and water-soluble products. However, this process is often slowed down by competition for oxygen and nutrients from other sources.
A recent study shows that the presence of hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria may have a significant impact on the fate of oil in the Caspian Sea. As such, it is important to understand the nature of the bacteria and determine whether they are capable of removing the oil.
Cost of oil analysis
Oil analysis is a powerful tool for detecting and preventing engine problems. It can help to prevent costly downtime, extend lubricant life, and even improve resale value. However, it is not inexpensive.
Investing in an oil analysis program can be an attractive option for fleet managers and plant operators. The return on investment (ROI) is generally between 2.5:1 and 5:1, depending on the size of the operation.
Many companies choose to outsource their oil analysis programs. They may also develop an in-house reliability team. A comprehensive survey of all assets is necessary before establishing the best plan for monitoring lubricants.
There are several types of oil analysis tests available. Among them are a basic lubrication test package, and specific tests for diesel and industrial oils.
Analyzing petrochemical products using GC-MS
GC-MS, or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, is one of the most effective methods of detecting molecules in petroleum products. It is used by petrochemical companies to characterize hydrocarbons, detect impurities and trace impurities, and analyze new product formulations. However, a petrochemical product contains many potential contaminants and impurities, which can complicate the analysis process.
Petroleum products are generally composed of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons. In addition, they often contain sulfur, nitrogen, metals, and other compounds. Analyzing petrochemical products with GC-MS involves separating the analytes into nominal mass classes. The nominal mass classes represent different carbon atoms in the compound.
Analysis of petroleum products requires a complex chromatographic procedure, which requires the use of several techniques. For instance, the light fraction, composed of hydrocarbons in the C1-C9 range, is usually found in gasoline.
Trend analysis based on oil analyses
Trend analysis based on oil analyses is a cost-effective method for identifying early issues and mitigating costly repairs. Performing a trend analysis on a gear oil sample will provide a wealth of information on its condition.
The oil industry has experienced some significant changes in the past few years. These changes have resulted in an increased volatility of the crude oil price. It has reached seven-year highs in October and has swung between 70 and 85 US$/bbl in recent months.
Oil prices have been influenced by the global economy. Global economic growth has been a key driver of the price. Demand has continued to grow, and it remains superior to production increase. Nonetheless, an economic shock could have a lasting effect on oil prices.